Shobudani Uchigumori Suita  #371

A large and moderately hard bench stone with specks of red renge, flecks
of goma (seseme seed) pattern and nomazu light colored spots. This is a
beautiful and perfectly useful suita stone that can be used for honing razors,
or putting that final super sharp edge and kasumi polish on your handmade
japanese deba knife. The tennen toishi stone is full of patterns and the thin
rust colored threads are benign and not toxic and do not affect sharpening
in any way.

It is from the Shobudani mine which is right across the valley from the
Nakayama mine with the Okduo mine also near by. All of these mine have
been closed for years, this toishi was mined over 50 years ago and was
used and more recently mounted on this wooden base.

I have tested this stone using TheAx2Method for honing straight razors and
I was able to easily achieve a HHT-4 sharpness blade within just a few
minutes of time.

The toishi has been lapped perfectly flat, the sides dressed and the
corners and edges beveled.
TheJapanStone
All stones are sold with a
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minus the return shipping.
Hardness
9++
 
Grit Fineness
9++
 
Speed/cutting
8+
9
Size 210-76-33
mm
 
Price  $675 SOLD
   

    Japanese Natural Stones sharpening characteristics.

    H or Hardness Scale Explanation.
    H Level 6-8 is medium hard and these stones will self slurry under a blade with pressure.
    A drop of water placed with a finger tip will sit proud for one minute and then begin to
    flatten and seep into the stones surface, within five minutes the drop will be gone.
    When using a diamond plate (DP) to lap or make a slurry the action is easy and fast.

    H Level 9 is hard and requires concerted pressure and effort upon the blade to self slurry.
    A drop of water will sit proud for one half hour and then begin to soak into the surface.
    With a DP the stone feels hard and the slurry is thin even with 10 strokes.

    H Level 10 stones are the hardest and will not self slurry even under extreme hand pressure.
    A drop of water will sit proud and round on the surface for one hour or more.
    A DP glides over the stone, abrasion happens but very slowly and only with much pressure.

    PS or Particle Size Scale Explanation.
    PS Level 1-3 (500 to 2,000 grit) for bevel creation are best found in synthetic stones
    or with greater difficulty using Arato coarse stones from Japan from areas outside Kyoto
    or from individual or successive nagura types stones with appropriate grit levels.
    At this grit level steels will brighten but with dull finishes. With laminated blades some
    contrasting finishes can be created especially if slurries are utilized.

    PS Level 4-6 (2,000 to 4,000) leave medium deep scratches that are easily removed.

    PS Level 7-8 (4,000 to 8,000) leave finer scratches that are easy to remove and difficult       
    to see with the naked eye but can be seen with a quality 15x loupe. These stones can
    a high carbon steel blade looking like polished aluminum to dull chrome.

    PS Level 9-10 (8,000 to 25,000) leave the finest scratches at the lowest levels ie. 8k to 12k
    of particle size are difficult to see with 15x, under most optical microscopes at 100x are    
    easier to see. The scratches at 12k to 25k or natural stones judged to be on par with
    these grit levels are difficult to see beyond the 15k level with most optical glass.
    The carbon steel or stainless will be bright and polished like a mirror.   

    S or Cutting Speed Scale Explanation.
    S Level 1-5 at the lowest level have no abrasion power but instead act as burnishing
    stones and the upper 5 Level are very slow to abrade tough steel.

    S Level 5-7 will cut steel and remove previous scratches easily.

    S Level 7-9 will cut steel and remove previous scratches easily and quickly.

    S Level 9-10 will excel in the above and at the 10 level will amaze.
    Cutting speed can be quantified for personal reference by stroke count.

    Japanese Stone Sizes Explanation
    Stone sizes in Japan are in millimeters and referred to as "grades" and the sizes stated are
    the minimum dimensions which takes into account variables in Length and Width only.
    This grade system has its roots at the mine entrance, and is based on a working adults
    ability to carry a certain number of grouped and graded by size stones down an average  
    mountain trail on his/her back to the valley floor. Working adult refers to a man of average
    strength. Women and children also labored but some adjustments of course made.
    Grade             Length     Width              Equivalent in inches.
    #24 pieces     210mm       78mm             8.26         3.07
    #30                205             75                  8.07         2.95
    #60                185             70                  7.67         2.75
    #80                180             63                  7.08         2.48
    #100              160             58                  6.29         2.28
    Razor            136              82                  5.35         3.22
    Koppa            are by definition bits & pieces and are usually in small sizes


    Sharpening Characteristics Explanations.

    If all things are equal: a grit rich or silica rich stone will remove a measured amount of
    steel faster than a grit poor stone will.
    A soft grit rich stone will remove a measured amount of steel faster than a grit poor
    hard stone.
         Like wise if all things are equal: a coarse stone will remove a measured amount of steel
faster than a finer stone will.
    In the same vain a slurried stone will remove steel faster than a non slurried stone will.
    And again a stone used under running water (that rinses away any loose grit/slurry particles)
    will act finer than a stone with standing water, with or without a slurry.

    Japanese natural sharpening stones are unique in the world of sharpening for handfuls
    of reasons and one of those is their ability to take on different characteristics while in a
    state of being used dry, wet, with a slurry or under running water like at your kitchen sink.

    One example of this would be that if any one particular high Hard Level Jnat (Japanese Natural)
    is used dry and without water their sharpening qualities are diminished and they will act more
    like a burnishing stone, but if that same high hardness level stone is used wet it will act as an
    abrasive stone. The same goes for coarse stones. Japanese awase-do (aka awase-to, tennen
    toishi) really only cut with advanced actions when wet.

    And about to slurry or not to slurry. A slurry comprised of loosely bound grit particles suspended
    in water, often acting as bundles of bound grit will act coarser and cut faster strictly depending
    upon the mechanical action that created the slurry. A #400 diamond plate will make a coarser
    acting slurry than a #1200 diamond plate. A nagura or slurry stone cut from a similar piece of
    tennen toishi can if harder than the base stones encourage the base stone to contribute slurry
    more freely, or if the nagura is softer it will itself provide the majority of slurry particles. This is
    the principle for which the Nagura Progression System is based and this system will only work
    marginally well with other base synthetic or natural stones like Coticules, Arkansas and the other
    slate stones.The Japanese dedicated natural nagura tend to favor being paired with the natural
    awasedo found near Kyoto because both the base and nagura components will encourage the
    crush of the clays that release the silica grit of each other.

    In all the world the Japanese tennen toishi are unique because of the slurry component and the
    way it can be exploited. For centuries the clay binders that comprise the glue that holds the
    stones grit in place has been manipulated by sword polishers, carpenters and barbers to suit
    their needs and requirements. No other stone will react with such characteristic and predictable
    ways as the natural stones that the mountains in and around Kyoto offer.


                   Copyrighted 2018©   by Alex Gilmore TheJapanStone
                        cannot be duplicated without written permission

    Japanese Natural Stones sharpening characteristics.

    H or Hardness Scale Explanation.
    H Level 6-8 is medium hard and these stones will self slurry under a blade with pressure.
    A drop of water placed with a finger tip will sit proud for one minute and then begin to
    flatten and seep into the stones surface, within five minutes the drop will be gone.
    When using a diamond plate (DP) to lap or make a slurry the action is easy and fast.

    H Level 9 is hard and requires concerted pressure and effort upon the blade to self slurry.
    A drop of water will sit proud for one half hour and then begin to soak into the surface.
    With a DP the stone feels hard and the slurry is thin even with 10 strokes.

    H Level 10 stones are the hardest and will not self slurry even under extreme hand pressure.
    A drop of water will sit proud and round on the surface for one hour or more.
    A DP glides over the stone, abrasion happens but very slowly and only with much pressure.

    PS or Particle Size Scale Explanation.
    PS Level 1-3 (500 to 2,000 grit) for bevel creation are best found in synthetic stones
    or with greater difficulty using Arato coarse stones from Japan from areas outside Kyoto
    or from individual or successive nagura types stones with appropriate grit levels.
    At this grit level steels will brighten but with dull finishes. With laminated blades some
    contrasting finishes can be created especially if slurries are utilized.

    PS Level 4-6 (2,000 to 4,000) leave medium deep scratches that are easily removed.

    PS Level 7-8 (4,000 to 8,000) leave finer scratches that are easy to remove and difficult       
    to see with the naked eye but can be seen with a quality 15x loupe. These stones can
    a high carbon steel blade looking like polished aluminum to dull chrome.

    PS Level 9-10 (8,000 to 25,000) leave the finest scratches at the lowest levels ie. 8k to 12k
    of particle size are difficult to see with 15x, under most optical microscopes at 100x are    
    easier to see. The scratches at 12k to 25k or natural stones judged to be on par with
    these grit levels are difficult to see beyond the 15k level with most optical glass.
    The carbon steel or stainless will be bright and polished like a mirror.   

    S or Cutting Speed Scale Explanation.
    S Level 1-5 at the lowest level have no abrasion power but instead act as burnishing
    stones and the upper 5 Level are very slow to abrade tough steel.

    S Level 5-7 will cut steel and remove previous scratches easily.

    S Level 7-9 will cut steel and remove previous scratches easily and quickly.

    S Level 9-10 will excel in the above and at the 10 level will amaze.
    Cutting speed can be quantified for personal reference by stroke count.

    Japanese Stone Sizes Explanation
    Stone sizes in Japan are in millimeters and referred to as "grades" and the sizes stated are
    the minimum dimensions which takes into account variables in Length and Width only.
    This grade system has its roots at the mine entrance, and is based on a working adults
    ability to carry a certain number of grouped and graded by size stones down an average  
    mountain trail on his/her back to the valley floor. Working adult refers to a man of average
    strength. Women and children also labored but some adjustments of course made.
    Grade             Length     Width              Equivalent in inches.
    #24 pieces     210mm       78mm             8.26         3.07
    #30                205             75                  8.07         2.95
    #60                185             70                  7.67         2.75
    #80                180             63                  7.08         2.48
    #100              160             58                  6.29         2.28
    Razor            136              82                  5.35         3.22
    Koppa            are by definition bits & pieces and are usually in small sizes


    Sharpening Characteristics Explanations.

    If all things are equal: a grit rich or silica rich stone will remove a measured amount of
    steel faster than a grit poor stone will.
    A soft grit rich stone will remove a measured amount of steel faster than a grit poor
    hard stone.
         Like wise if all things are equal: a coarse stone will remove a measured amount of steel
faster than a finer stone will.
    In the same vain a slurried stone will remove steel faster than a non slurried stone will.
    And again a stone used under running water (that rinses away any loose grit/slurry particles)
    will act finer than a stone with standing water, with or without a slurry.

    Japanese natural sharpening stones are unique in the world of sharpening for handfuls
    of reasons and one of those is their ability to take on different characteristics while in a
    state of being used dry, wet, with a slurry or under running water like at your kitchen sink.

    One example of this would be that if any one particular high Hard Level Jnat (Japanese Natural)
    is used dry and without water their sharpening qualities are diminished and they will act more
    like a burnishing stone, but if that same high hardness level stone is used wet it will act as an
    abrasive stone. The same goes for coarse stones. Japanese awase-do (aka awase-to, tennen
    toishi) really only cut with advanced actions when wet.

    And about to slurry or not to slurry. A slurry comprised of loosely bound grit particles suspended
    in water, often acting as bundles of bound grit will act coarser and cut faster strictly depending
    upon the mechanical action that created the slurry. A #400 diamond plate will make a coarser
    acting slurry than a #1200 diamond plate. A nagura or slurry stone cut from a similar piece of
    tennen toishi can if harder than the base stones encourage the base stone to contribute slurry
    more freely, or if the nagura is softer it will itself provide the majority of slurry particles. This is
    the principle for which the Nagura Progression System is based and this system will only work
    marginally well with other base synthetic or natural stones like Coticules, Arkansas and the other
    slate stones.The Japanese dedicated natural nagura tend to favor being paired with the natural
    awasedo found near Kyoto because both the base and nagura components will encourage the
    crush of the clays that release the silica grit of each other.

    In all the world the Japanese tennen toishi are unique because of the slurry component and the
    way it can be exploited. For centuries the clay binders that comprise the glue that holds the
    stones grit in place has been manipulated by sword polishers, carpenters and barbers to suit
    their needs and requirements. No other stone will react with such characteristic and predictable
    ways as the natural stones that the mountains in and around Kyoto offer.


                   Copyrighted 2018©   by Alex Gilmore TheJapanStone
                        cannot be duplicated without written permission