#755 Nakayama deep kiita
An odd shaped stone to cherish, this Nakayama kiita was not forgotten
in the mine and although homely looking it is a stellar performer. I have
honed several razors off this stone and each came off it with a classic
Japanese hazy finish, in true razor keenness with only the minimal amount
of effort or time. The last razor I did was after bevel set 2k, refinement
12k Naniwa and then directly to the kiita and in 20 strokes per side the
edge came out beautifully with HHT-5 results all along the blade and
the shave was a delight. I did use a worn out Atoma #600 to make the
slurry for the final step, but the same keenness can be duplicated with the
The stone is bulky, thick and odd shaped but even so there is a long
enough runway to hone almost any size razor. The kawa skin has the
classic colors of ocher, umber and burnt umber alongside a black
mineralization that sparkles in the sun. The top has a very tight U shape
pattern. The back is chiseled and scraped so that the stone sits flat
on a table. Excellent hand held stone but also fine for a stone holder
on a table top. There were two surface cracks in the kawa skin on
the sides which I have filled with crazy glue. The cracks did not
lead to other flaw and I feel that they are shallow and will not be
an issue in any way.
The stone (toishi) has been lapped flat and the corners and edges beveled unless
otherwise noted. All of my stones come with a tested and appropriately sized
tomonaguara slurry stone, and a money back guarantee minus the return shipping.
|All stones are sold with a
money back guarantee
minus the return shipping.
Japanese Natural Stones sharpening characteristics.
H or Hardness Scale Explanation.
H Level 6-8 is medium hard and these stones will self slurry under a blade with pressure.
A drop of water placed with a finger tip will sit proud for one minute and then begin to
flatten and seep into the stones surface, within five minutes the drop will be gone.
When using a diamond plate (DP) to lap or make a slurry the action is easy and fast.
H Level 9 is hard and requires concerted pressure and effort upon the blade to self slurry.
A drop of water will sit proud for one half hour and then begin to soak into the surface.
With a DP the stone feels hard and the slurry is thin even with 10 strokes.
H Level 10 stones are the hardest and will not self slurry even under extreme hand
A drop of water will sit proud and round on the surface for one hour or more.
A DP glides over the stone, abrasion happens but very slowly and only with much pressure.
PS or Particle Size Scale Explanation.
PS Level 1-3 (500 to 2,000 grit) for bevel creation are best found in synthetic stones
or with greater difficulty using Arato coarse stones from Japan from areas outside Kyoto
or from individual or successive nagura types stones with appropriate grit levels.
At this grit level steels will brighten but with dull finishes. With laminated blades some
contrasting finishes can be created especially if slurries are utilized.
PS Level 4-6 (2,000 to 4,000) leave medium deep scratches that are easily removed.
PS Level 7-8 (4,000 to 8,000) leave finer scratches that are easy to remove and difficult
to see with the naked eye but can be seen with a quality 15x loupe. These stones can
a high carbon steel blade looking like polished aluminum to dull chrome.
PS Level 9-10 (8,000 to 25,000) leave the finest scratches at the lowest levels ie. 8k to 12k
of particle size are difficult to see with 15x, under most optical microscopes at 100x are
easier to see. The scratches at 12k to 25k or natural stones judged to be on par with
these grit levels are difficult to see beyond the 15k level with most optical glass.
The carbon steel or stainless will be bright and polished like a mirror.
S or Cutting Speed Scale Explanation.
S Level 1-5 at the lowest level have no abrasion power but instead act as burnishing
stones and the upper 5 Level are very slow to abrade tough steel.
S Level 5-7 will cut steel and remove previous scratches easily.
S Level 7-9 will cut steel and remove previous scratches easily and quickly.
S Level 9-10 will excel in the above and at the 10 level will amaze.
Cutting speed can be quantified for personal reference by stroke count.
Japanese Stone Sizes Explanation
Stone sizes in Japan are in millimeters and referred to as "grades" and the sizes stated are
the minimum dimensions which takes into account variables in Length and Width only.
This grade system has its roots at the mine entrance, and is based on a working adults
ability to carry a certain number of grouped and graded by size stones down an average
mountain trail on his/her back to the valley floor. Working adult refers to a man of average
strength. Women and children also labored but some adjustments of course made.
Grade Length Width Equivalent in inches.
#24 pieces 210mm 78mm 8.26 3.07
#30 205 75 8.07 2.95
#60 185 70 7.67 2.75
#80 180 63 7.08 2.48
#100 160 58 6.29 2.28
Razor 136 82 5.35 3.22
Koppa are by definition bits & pieces and are usually in small sizes
Sharpening Characteristics Explanations.
If all things are equal: a grit rich or silica rich stone will remove a measured amount of steel
faster than a grit poor stone will.
A soft grit rich stone will remove a measured amount of steel faster than a grit poor hard
Like wise if all things are equal: a coarse stone will remove a measured amount of steel
faster than a finer stone will.
In the same vain a slurried stone will remove steel faster than a non slurried stone will.
And again a stone used under running water (that rinses away any loose grit/slurry
particles) will act finer than a stone with standing water, with or without a slurry.
Japanese natural sharpening stones are unique in the world of sharpening for handfuls of
reasons and one of those is their ability to take on different characteristics while in a state of
being used dry, wet, with a slurry or under running water like at your kitchen sink.
One example of this would be that if any one particular high Hard Level Jnat (Japanese
Natural) is used dry and without water their sharpening qualities are diminished and they will
act more like a burnishing stone, but if that same high hardness level stone is used wet it will
act as an abrasive stone. The same goes for coarse stones. Japanese awase-do (aka
awase-to, tennen toishi) really only cut with advanced actions when wet.
And about to slurry or not to slurry. A slurry comprised of loosely bound grit particles
suspended in water, often acting as bundles of bound grit will act coarser and cut faster
strictly depending upon the mechanical action that created the slurry. A #400 diamond plate
will make a coarser acting slurry than a #1200 diamond plate. A nagura or slurry stone cut
from a similar piece of tennen toishi can if harder than the base stones encourage the base
stone to contribute slurry more freely, or if the nagura is softer it will itself provide the
majority of slurry particles. This is the principle for which the Nagura Progression System is
based and this system will only work marginally well with other base synthetic or natural
stones like Coticules, Arkansas and the other slate stones.The Japanese dedicated natural
nagura tend to favor being paired with the natural awasedo found near Kyoto because both
the base and nagura components will encourage the crush of the clays that release the
silica grit of each other.
In all the world the Japanese tennen toishi are unique because of the slurry component and
the way it can be exploited. For centuries the clay binders that comprise the glue that holds
the stones grit in place has been manipulated by sword polishers, carpenters and barbers to
suit their needs and requirements. No other stone will react with such characteristic and
predictable ways as the natural stones that the mountains in and around Kyoto offer.
Copyrighted 2017© by Alex Gilmore TheJapanStone
cannot be duplicated without written permission
|130 to 150-60 to
|Size in mm